These are the instructions to make a cloned drive bootable again if the original had bad sectors. These instructions are only applicable for any Windows that uses the BCD, which is Vista and beyond, and has a MBR. You will need a Windows 7 or later DVD or equivalent USB stick; a Windows Vista disc will be harder. This assumes that the OS files were cloned successfully.
- Run chkdsk on all the partitions.
- Identify which partition has the BCD files. If there is a recovery partition, chances are good the BCD is stored on that drive.
- Use the following commands in the diskpart program:
- LIST DISK (use this command to identify the cloned hard drive number)
- SELECT DISK # (where # is the cloned hard drive number)
- LIST PARTITION (use this command to identify the partition with the BCD files)
- SELECT PARTITION # (where # is the partition with the BCD files)
- Now run the following commands: (Of course, some are redundant!)
- bootsect /nt60 sys /force
- bootrec /fixboot
- bootrec /fixmbr
- bcdboot d:\windows /s c: (where d:\ is the drive letter with all your Windows files and c: is the system partition from above)
- NOTE: Usually but not always the system partition is given the driver letter c:. If it was not given any drive letter, you will have to use the diskpart commands to assign it a drive letter. But it some cases it may not be c:, in some cases it may be on the same drive as your Windows files.
- If problems still persist, run startup repair.
The client restore on Windows Server Essentials is excellent. But several security updates interfere with it. Below is a list of the security updates on Windows 7 that cause problems with the restore. I am using Windows Server 2012 R2 Essentials. This may or may not apply to Windows Server 2008 Essentials, Windows Server 2008 R2 Essentials, Windows Home Server 2011, or Windows Server 2012 Essentials. Below is also an up-to-date automated script to remove them.
Note: the backup works fine with the updates and so does the bare metal restore; this issue only occurs when you need to restore individual files. Also note: I do not know which updates in Windows 8, 8.1, or 10 interfere since I will never get any of those OS’s. (Windows 7 will be my last Windows unless Microsoft changes course and respects my privacy and stops trying to merge a tablet with a desktop.)
Note: This list is always slow to update because I wait a few weeks to a month just to make sure there is not a bad security update. (Windows 10 does not give you that luxury.) Some optional updates may not yet be on this list, they may appear several months later.
This list was last updated 10/4/2016. 29 bad updates are listed. Because Microsoft is now unwisely bundling all security updates into one big package from now on, this list will no longer be updated. The best thing you can now do is, on your server, create a virtual machine with a shell Windows 7/8/8.1, disable all updates are that virtual Windows, and use that only a individual file restore machine.
I currently own the Asus RT-AC66U router and I love it. I’ve had it for over a year and it has been steady as a rock. But with this “cloud first, mobile first” (and customer last) philosophy of Microsoft, I was looking for a way to make my router block all that tracking that is in Windows 10 and trying to be in Windows 7 and 8. Block it at the router level and Microsoft can’t do a thing about it. According to Asus, the RT-AC66U router supports DD-WRT. This is a requirement. If your Asus router does not support DD-WRT, then this how-to will not help. Fortunately you don’t need to install DD-WRT. DD-WRT can a pain to install on a router. You do need to install the Merlin firmware, which you can download here.
This is an advanced how-to meant for more technical people.
Microsoft is making a lot of hullabaloo about Windows 10 even going so far as to offer Win10 at no cost to anybody using Windows 7 or Windows 8. Of course, just because something does not cost more money does not mean it is free. If you are using Windows 7, you should not upgrade. Here are 6 reasons why:
I encountered a Windows 7 computer that would only boot to a black screen. The only thing I saw was a mouse arrow. At first I suspected the hard drive was corrupt, so I cloned the hard drive. But the problem still existed. With this computer I still had reason to believe the hard drive was bad. Next I scanned for a virus in Windows directory and the only that was discovered was one of those junk free programs that deliver pop-up ads.
It was at this point that I decided to try an easy solution. Since this was Windows 7 there would a good copy of the registry files at %windir%\system32\config\RegBack\. So after making a backup of the current registry files, I copied the good registry over the current ones. With this computer, some of the current registry files were twice as big as the good copies, which is why I think something was wrong with the old hard drive. After I did this, the computer booted fine.
Some other suggestions included running System Restore. I was lazy in this instance and didn’t try that. But I did increase the System Restore capacity once I got back into Windows. If you are still using Windows XP, you can always find the registry files under the \System Volume Information\ folder. Some other suggestions are that certain key folders have been corrupted or have corrupt permissions. Check the Windows folder, the Program Files folders, and the Recycle Bin folder.
This is a guide to fix Windows Update for Windows Vista and later. It is a guide for when Windows Update just does not work. The steps below assume there are no malware, viruses, or rootkits on the computer.
- If using an Intel processor, update the Rapid Storage Technology (RST) driver. Try downloading it from Intel’s website first, but if a compatible one is not found, you can download a know good copy here. Try Windows Update after restarting.
- If Windows Update still does not work, download the Tweaking.com Windows All In One repair. Make all the necessary backups. The repairs you want to make sure are done are to (1) Reset Registry Permissions; (2) Reset File Permissions on the Windows drive, usually c:; (3) Repair WMI; (4) Repair Windows Firewall; (5) Repair Internet Explorer; (6) Repair HOSTS File; (7) Remove Policies Set by Infections; (8) Repair Winsock & DNS Cach; (9) Repair Proxy Settings; (10) Repair Windows Update; (11) Repair MSI; (12) Restore Important Services; and (13) Set Windows Services to Default Settings. Reboot after complete and try Windows Update again.
- If Windows Update still does not work, try an in-place upgrade.
- If the in-place upgrade fails, then start using Google to search for the error code given by Windows Update. If no code is given, then search for Windows Update problems without an error code.
Here is a bug that is in Windows 7. It may show up in Windows Vista and Windows 8/8.1. If your computer has a UPS backup battery supply, you may be unable to change the battery level in the power options. Here is how you fix that.
Press the start button and type “gpedit.msc”. Expand Computer Configuation. Then expand Administrative Templates. Then select All Settings. Search for Critical Battery Notification Level, Critical Battery Notification Action, Low Battery Notification Level, and Low Battery Notification Action. Open each one of these and choose a value you wish.
Sometimes in Windows when you log in, you will get this message: “Windows cannot load the user’s profile but has logged you on with the default profile for the system”. The cause of this message is one of the user specific files has become corrupted. Chances are good that user’s registry hive is corrupted. There are several hidden files in the folder c:\users\[username]\ folder (Windows Vista and later) or c:\documents and settings\[username]\ folder (Windows XP and earlier). Hereafter in this blog post we will call these directories [old user].
Chances are good you won’t be able to fix this problem.
- Try System Restore first, but be sure to choose a restore point several days before the problem occurred.
- If that does not work, try your backup next, if you have one.
- If that does not work, then you will need to create a new user. Below are the steps you need to take to migrate to a new user.
- Create a new user and log in to that new user. Do not open any programs just yet. And do not delete your old profile until you are absolutely sure everything has been copied.
- Browse to the new user’s folders, c:\users\[new user]\ or c:\documents and settings\[new user]\, hereafter called just [new user].
- Copy all the non-hidden files and folders from [old user] to [new user].
- After that finishes, browse to [old user]\appdata\local\ (Windows Vista or later) or [old user]\local settings (Windows XP or earlier). If you want, you can copy everything from this folder to the corresponding folder in your new user profile. It probably is a good idea only to copy folders from Microsoft or programs you currently have installed.
- Next browse to [old user]\appdata\roaming\ or [old user]\local settings\application data\ and copy those folders to the corresponding folder in your new profile.
- Log off and then log back in.
- See if your settings transferred. You might have to set up your email again. And that means you will might need to Google the location of the old email files and how to import them.
If the Master Boot Record (MBR) or partition information has been damaged by a virus, Windows will not boot. Variants of the TDSS rootkit, for instance, will infect the MBR and remove the system and active flags on all partitions. The purpose of that is to make sure the boot process must active the TDSS rootkit. You’ll know this has happened when all you get is a flashing cursor when attempting to boot from the primary hard drive. It can be easily fixed with the Windows 7 DVD. This process is easier with the Windows 7 DVD than with the Windows 8 or Windows Vista DVD. This solution only works if the hard drive has a MBR. The MBR replacement, GUID Partition Table (GPT), requires a computer with the UEFI instead of the BIOS. GPT is more secure than the MBR.
- Boot into the Windows 7 DVD and choose Repair Your Computer.
- Startup Repair may run, if it does, let it fix the problem. If it doesn’t, then run startup repair immediately. Then immediately reboot back into the Windows 7 DVD.
- Open a command prompt.
- If using Windows Vista or later, run the following commands:
chkdsk c: /f /x (NOTE: The Windows DVD may have the Windows partition another drive letter. Make sure you use that drive letter.)
bootsect /nt60 sys /force /mbr
bcdboot c:\windows /s c: (NOTE: The Windows DVD may have assigned the Windows partition another letter. Use the drive letter Windows assigned for c:\windows.)
select disk # (use the list disk command to get a list of drives and use the # of the boot drive.)
select partition # (use the list partition command to get a list of partitions on this drive and choose the partition with Windows on it, likely the largest.)
- If using Windows XP or earlier, use the same commands except replace /nt60 with /nt52 in the bootsect command and do not use bcdboot.
- Reboot and run TDSSKiller.
So here is a problem I encountered. A computer would not connect to the internet. The first thing I do is, of course, run the ipconfig command. This showed that it wasn’t getting an IP address from the router. So I tried to open the command prompt as an administrator, but all I got was a message saying “The specified service does not exist as an installed service” along with something else below it related to the action I was trying to perform. Whenever I tried to run anything as an administrator, I got this same message: “The specified service does not exist as an installed service“. Continue reading